Just as the name implies hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a replacement of female sex hormones in women. These hormones are called estrogen and progesterone. They are expelled from the ovaries and influence changes in the body’s cycle which controls periods, moods and may contribute to a feeling of well-being and healthiness. Oestrogen is also very important to maintain strong, healthy bones. After menopause the ovaries no longer respond to the hormones from the pituitary gland and shut down. This means a woman can no longer become pregnant naturally and her periods discontinue. At this time symptoms may arise, including hot flushes, night sweats, insomnia, palpitations, mood changes, vaginal dryness and painful intercourse. You can also experience minor skin changes such as dryness and loss of elasticity. Treating patients with HRT replaces the hormones no longer being released from the ovary and some of these symptoms can be helped.
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In male hormone replacement therapy, a man is given testosterone, the hormone in charge of developing the male sex organs and producing male characteristics such as facial hair and muscularity. Male hormone replacement therapy is used to improve the symptoms of male hypogonadism, a condition in which a man’s body makes very little testosterone. Male hypogonadism is caused by a man’s testes failing to produce normal levels of testosterone. Some men are born with hypogonadism, while others may develop the condition later in life. In adults, it can cause lowered sex drive, infertility, impotence, a loss of body and facial hair, and osteoporosis. HRT is extremely beneficial and effective at not only improving these symptoms
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